Figurative language Review
|Alliteration: The repetition of identical consonant sounds, most often the sounds beginning words, in close proximity. Example: pensive poets, fleeting fads, forward feeling...||Metaphor-- an implied comparison between two things of unlike nature that yet have something in common: A monster fist; terrible news rising; half-hearted moon; America is a maximum-security prison, school is a thick satin quilt; make a broken mind fly|
|Simile--an explicit comparison between two things of unlike nature that yet have something in common: Blinks like a sad ambulance; counter girl was crisp as a pickle; rap music pours over me like a boiling Jacuzzi; a poem is a like cold beer;||Personification: is a figure of speech in which human qualities are attributed to an animal, object, or idea. Pulsating gleam, shiny flanks demure headlights; boiling clouds; hunger singing in my belly; the bed that lived under the piano; frame agony and hang it on the wall|
|HYPERBOLE--the use of exaggerated terms for the purpose of emphasis or heightened effect: And open those eyes that must eclipse the day; my stomach a valley; boil clouds; rivers of bright merchandise; let your feet touch China||Onomatopoeia are words that sound like the objects they name or the sounds those objects make. Boom, bang, slash, slurp, gurgle, meow, and woof , buzz, clatter, clang|
|OXYMORON -- the twinning of two terms which are ordinarily
contradictory: icy fire, fully hollow; perish happily;
||Symbol: Symbolism is the use of a person, an object, a place, or an idea to represent it self and something beyond itself at the same time. knights in white armor[chilvery]; Lone Ranger[hero]; rings [continuation or circles};seasons [Winter represents aging/decay/death]a dove for peace, the rose, purity;|
|What is Tone?
Tone ordinarily refers to all the ways in which a voice may enrich or modify the meanings of spoken words. "
Point of View: First person: The writer is in the poem and tells it from his/her perspective (I came upon two paths...).
Point of View: Third person: The writer tells the poem from an objective perspective (He came upon two paths...).
Point of View: Third person omniscient: The writer isn't in the poem, but knows and describes what all characters are thinking (John didn't want to choose, and Mary hated both paths...).
Stanza - One of the divisions of a poem; a grouping of two or more lines.
|assonance||deliberate repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds|
|apostrophe||an address to a person absent or dead or to an abstract entity|
|diction||poet's distinctive choices in vocabulary|
|echo||repetition of key word or idea for effect|
|paradox||seeming contradiction that surprises by its pithiness|
|personification||attribution of human motives or behaviors to
|rhyming couplet||a pair of lines which end-rhyme expressing one clear thought|
|rhyme||repetition of same sounds|
|rhythm||internal 'feel' of beat and meter perceived when poetry is read aloud|