How To Use Comprehension Strategies While Reading

Strategies

Good Readers...

Use as they read...

Make Connections Connect what you know with what you are reading. Use what you know to understand what you read and add to your knowledge of the topic. Connections are made with your personal experiences, [text-to-self]: other texts: -[Text-to-text]; and events in the world: [Text-to-World]
  • Has this happened to me?
  • Have I read about this before?
  • How am I like or not like this character?
  • Do I know something about this already?
  • Does this new information add to what I already know about the world?
Predict Think about what's happening and make guesses as to what is going to happen based on what you have read so far.
  • Since ...happened, I think...will happen.
  • I'm guessing the boys will...
  • This title makes me think ...
  • I believe Sara will ...next
Infer Read between the lines. Form a best guess using evidence -- context clues, and picture clues. Draw conclusions. Find meaning of unknown words by rereading and use context clues or make your best guess.
  • Although the author didn't say, I know .... because..
  • My best guess for this word is... because the book said...
  • I can conclude that this phrase means...because ...
  • The words in the book said...so I know ...
  • I know about this... the author didn't have to explain.
Question Ask questions while you read. Anticipate answers but read until your question is answered.
  • What's the author really saying here?
  • Why is this happening to...
  • I wonder how many...
  • This part... makes me ask...
Monitor Stop to think about the reading. Good readers use fix-it strategies to help repair understanding when meaning breaks down. Good readers often reread, use a dictionary, ask a peer or teacher for help.
  • Is this making sense?
  • What's just happened?
  • I'm lost so I better reread.
  • I need to speed up, my mind is sleepy.
  • I'm reading too fast, I just read a page and can't figure this out.
  • How do I say that word? Should I look it up or ask someone.
  • What does that word mean?
Determine Importance Sort through and prioritize information. Identify themes and focus on the important ideas or pieces of information in the text. Good readers disregard bits of information that are not important to the main ideas and plot structure of the story.
  • Do I need to remember this fact?
  • How important is it to know the date or time of day?
  • Will I need to remember this character has a limp?
  • What is the gist of this event?
  • How does this part relate to the main idea?
Visualize Good readers create mental images while reading. They use all five senses to build images that enhance the experience of reading.
 
  • What did I see as I read that part?
  • What's this character look like?
  • Was the apple red? Or green?
  • What does the setting look like?
  • Can I picture this waterfall?
Synthesize  Good readers gather new information and combine it with what is already known to come up with a new idea or a better understanding of new material. Stop and summarize key ideas and thoughts and connect it back to the main idea or theme in the novel.
  • This story is about...
  • The big idea in this story is...
  • The story details in this section are important because...
  • What key words do I need to remember to put the events all together?
  • This is the most exciting part of the story so it must be the climax.
  • Did the author make this story believable?
  • Why am I not satisfied with this solution?
  • Finally I see..