Genre Explanations and Overview {handout}

Fiction

Code

Genre

Definition

FT

Folktales

Stories that have been passed down to us over the years by real people. There are many types of folktales, including fables, tall tales, myths, and fairy tales.
  • Fables are brief stories that teach a lesson or moral. The characters are usually animals, but are given human characteristics. An example of a fable is "The Fox and the Grapes."
  • Tall Tales are folktales that have a key element of exaggeration, such as Paul Bunyan.
  • Fairy Tales usually have magical elements with characters that could be fairies, giants, or elves. Many times magical deeds are performed. Cinderella is an example of a fairy tale.
  • Myths are stories that serve to explain some phenomenon of nature. Many incorporate gods and goddesses within the story. The story of King Midas is a myth.

F

Fantasy

These Books contain elements such as characters or settings that could not exist in life as we know it today. Examples include characters such as dragons or animals with human characteristics. Settings might be magical or other-world.

SF

Science Fiction

Science fiction is a genre of fiction dealing with the impact of imagined innovations in science or technology, often in a futuristic setting. It differs from fantasy in that, within the context of the story, its imaginary elements are possible within scientifically established in laws of nature.

RF

Realistic Fiction

Books set in present-day. Characters encounter modern day difficulties and dilemmas. Realistic fiction includes mysteries, adventure stories, humorous stories, and much more.

HF

 Historical Fiction

Books that give a historically accurate portrayal of life during a particular time in history. They have a strong sense of place and time.

M

Mystery

Books that involve a suspenseful event (often a crime of some type). The reader uses clues from the story and gradually discovers who has committed the crime to solve the mystery by the end of the story.

A

Adventure

Typically applied to works in which the protagonist or other major characters are consistently placed in dangerous situations, and a fictional character who lives by their wits and their skills is often called an adventurer.

 

 

 

Nonfiction

Definition: :is an account, narrative, or representation of a subject which an author presents as fact.

Code

Genre

Definition

AB

Autobiography

This is a story about the life of a person, written by that person.

B

Biography

This is a detailed description or account of someone's life and the times, which is or told by a different author.

D or J

 Diaries and Journals

A diary is a record (originally in handwritten format) with discrete entries arranged by date reporting on what has happened over the course of a day or other period.

E

Essay

An essay is a short piece of writing which is often written from an author's personal point of view.

ME

Memoir

Memoirs are structured differently from formal autobiographies. The chronological scope of a memoir is determined by the work's context and is therefore more focused and flexible than the traditional arc of birth to childhood to old age as found in an autobiography.

TL

Travel literature

Travel literature typically records the experiences of an author touring a place for the pleasure of travel.

OL

Outdoor literature

Outdoor literature encompasses several different literary genres variously called Exploration literature, Adventure literature and Nature literature. These genres can include activities such as exploration, survival, sailing, mountaineering, whitewater boating, kayaking, etc. or writing about nature and the environment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poetry

Poetry has sometimes been more loosely defined as a fundamental creative act using language. Poetry often uses particular forms and conventions to suggest alternative meanings in the words, or to evoke emotional or sensual responses.

Code

Genre

Definition

EP

Epic poetry

 It is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation

LP

Lyric poetry

Lyric poetry is usually a form of poetry with rhyming schemes that express personal and emotional feelings.

DP

Dramatic poetry

Verse drama is any drama written as verse to be spoken; another possible general term is poetic drama.

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