One summer day Joe and
Ann were paddling their canoe. They planned to spend the day fishing and looking
for wildlife. They had heard that sometimes dolphins swam up the creek. Suddenly
there was a big splash in the water in front of their canoe. Then they knew that
what they had heard was true.
Ask the students to
guess what probably happened. When someone guesses that a
dolphin jumped out of the water, ask how she guessed. Tell
students that the author gave these clues: “sometimes
dolphins swam up the creek,” and “something jumped out of
the water.” He didn’t tell the readers that Joe and Ann saw
a dolphin, but he gave his readers clues so they could
figure out that sometimes dolphins were spotted in the creek.
Yet they didn't actually see a dolphin.
Ask what the students can infer
about Joe and Ann from the passage. Students could guess that Joe and Ann
like to be outdoors. They like to look for wildlife.
They made sure everyone was wearing long pants, long-sleeved
shirts, and socks before they pulled up at the lodge. They noticed that the two
men working on the grounds in front of the lodge were wearing nets around their
heads and necks and hands.
Ask for guesses about what the author
wants the reader to know but isn’t saying.
When someone gives an answer about mosquitoes or other pests, ask them
how they solved the puzzle. They used what they already knew about covering up
or wearing nets to infer that the place had insects or pests of some kinds.
Joe turned when he
heard the splash but only saw the tail fin just as the large
fish dove. He could have sworn the fin was that of a dolphin.
Ann swirled to the left when she heard a noise and yelped, "Over
Continue asking students to make inferences about events that happen in and out
of the classroom. Give them practice reading passages similar to the ones above,
and walk around the room when students are using their textbooks or newspaper
articles, guiding individual students to make inferences.