Text-to-world connections: These are connections between events in the story and things that I've seen or read about occurring in the real world. They are not about me but about other people in the real world.

Students connect to the text in relation to the world. They no longer connect with only personal information or experiences. Media such as television, Internet, or movies, is a great way to introduce text-to- world. Most students will have knowledge of similar media that will allow the teacher to connect with the real world.

"This reminds me of [something I've seen, heard, know in the real world] because..."

Questions I ask to help make connections:
• What does this remind me of in the real world?
• How are events in this story similar to things that happen in the real world?
• How are events in this story different from things that happen in the real world?
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Students need a great deal of modeling because often they will make a text-to-self connection thinking it is a text to world connection. The key difference is text-to-self is only about the student while text to world is about everyone outside his small community.


Read aloud the first few pages of Harvesting Hope by Kathleen Krull (Harcourt Children’s Books, 2003

Idea From Text Reaction/Connection
p. 1, Cesar has parties during the summer with his relatives in Arizona. This reminds me of when I was young growing up in Tucson, Arizona and how I also loved to sit outside on summer nights. (text-to-self)
p. 2, Cesar's family provided all of their won food through garden and chickens. This reminds me of people who lived many years ago who sustained themselves through crops and livestock. (text-to-world)