Common Proofreading Symbols

Symbol

Meaning

Example

insert a comma
apostrophe or single
quotation mark
insert something
use double quotation marks
use a period here
delete
transpose elements
close up this space
a space needed here
begin new paragraph
no paragraph

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Proofreading Abbreviations

Abbreviation

Meaning

Example

Ab a faulty abbreviation David had earned a Phd along with his M.D.
Agr agreement problem: subject/verb or pronoun/antecedent The piano as well as the guitar need tuning.
The student lost their book.
Awk

awkward expression/construction

The storm had the effect of causing millions in damage.
Cap faulty capitalization We spent the Fall in Southern spain.
CS comma splice Ralph tried his best, this time that wasn't good enough
DICT faulty diction Due to the fact that we were wondering as to whether ...
Dgl dangling construction Working harder than ever, this job proved to be too much for him to handle.
- ed problem with final -ed Last summer he walk all the way to Birmingham.
Frag fragment Depending on the amount of snow we get this winter. [no verb]
| | problem in parallel form My income is bigger than my wife.
P/A pronoun/antecedent agreement A student in accounting would be wise to see their advisor.
Pron problem with pronoun My aunt and my mother have wrecked her car
Rep unnecessary repetition The car was blue in color.
R-O run-on sentence Ray tried his best this time that wasn't good enough.
Sp spelling error This sentence is flaude with two mispellings.
- s problem with final -s He wonder what these teacher think of him.
T verb tense problem He comes into the room, and he pulled his gun.
Wdy wordy Seldom have we perused a document so verbose,so ostentatious in phrasing, so burdened with too many words.
WW wrong word What affect did the movie have on Sheila?