Types of Sentences

Complete Sentences: For a sentence to be complete, it must have a subject [[usually a noun or a pronoun], and a predicate [usually a verb or verb clause] The subject performs the action. The predicate demonstrates the action or state of being.

A complete sentence has three characteristics:

  • It always begins with a capital letter.
  • It includes an end mark—either a period [ . ], question mark [ ? ], or exclamation point [ ! ].
  • The complete sentence must contain at least one main clause. A main clause contains an independent subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.

        Three Commonly used types of Complete Sentences:

  1. A simple sentence may be one of four kinds:                                                                     a)   Declarative [statement]: Clara enjoys baking bread.                                                                                                                             b) Interrogative [question]: Where did I leave my book?                                                     C) Imperative [order or command): Please close the door.                                                 D) Exclamatory [expresses great emotion]: Watch out!
  2. A Compound sentence contains two sentences joined by a comma and the conjunctions and, but, or, nor, both, either, neither, not only, whether and but also.                                    Examples: The Morans went on vacation to France, and they took dozens of photos.        Jason likes to listen to rap, but his sister, Jane prefers rock.                                              The children could play outside in the sunshine, or they could watch a movie indoors.
  3. A complex sentence contains a main clause and one or more subordinate clauses:                   Because of the storm, all schools in The Strait Regional School board were cancelled today.     If the temperature dips below freezing, the pond will be great for skating.                               Frank could not remember where he left the dog.

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